小词详解 | embark

小词详解 | embark
embark 英 [ɪmˈbɑːk] 美 [ɪmˈbɑːrk]

考研 IELTS SAT TEM8 GMAT

外刊例句

  • Mr Blum runs through the early history of weather prediction before embarking on a grand tour of forecasting institutions across Europe and America.
    在梳理了天气预报的早期历史后,布鲁姆踏上了探访欧美天气预报机构的宏伟旅程。
    ——《经济学人》
  • Huawei is embarking upon this new legal battle at a moment when, despite the onslaught from Washington and apprehension in other world capitals, the company’s fortunes appear to be looking up.
    在华为开始这场新的法律斗争时,尽管遭受了来自华盛顿的猛烈打击,以及来自世界其他首府的忧虑,但该公司的际遇似乎正在不断转好。
    ——《纽约时报》

基本释义

[verb] begin (a course of action)
[动词] 开始(一个动作过程)

深入解读

Embark 由 em ( in )+ bark (树皮)构成, 其中 bark 一词由“树皮”引申为“木头”。

古代人们用木头制造小船,所以 bark 在此表示“用木头做成的小船”,这样 embark 的字面意思即 in ship (在船上),其本义也就是“上船(或飞机、汽车等)”,比如装货(embark cargo)、从纽约港搭船去欧洲(embark for Europe at New York harbour)。

当人们跳入船中时,也就是船开始航行之际,进而引申出动词短语 embark on/upon something 来表示“从事,着手,开始(新的或艰难的事情)”,比如开始外交生涯(embark on a diplomatic career)、发动战争(embark on a war)。

权威用例

我们党团结带领人民找到了一条以农村包围城市、武装夺取政权的正确革命道路,进行了二十八年浴血奋战,完成了新民主主义革命,一九四九年建立了中华人民共和国,实现了中国从几千年封建专制政治向人民民主的伟大飞跃。
Our Party united the people and led them in embarking on the right revolutionary path, using rural areas to encircle the cities and seizing state power with military force. We completed the New Democratic Revolution through 28 years of painful struggle, and founded the People’s Republic of China in 1949, thus marking China’s great transition from a millennia-old feudal autocracy to a people’s democracy.

出自十九大报告《决胜全面建成小康社会 夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利》(Secure a Decisive Victory in Building a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects and Strive for the Great Success of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era)。

同近义词

  • institute: introduce or establish (a scheme, undertaking, or policy)
  • initiate: cause (a process or action) to begin
  • tackle: make determined efforts to deal with (a problem or difficult task)