小词详解 | mayhem

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小词详解 | mayhem
mayhem 英 [ˈmeɪhem] 美 [ˈmeɪhem]

TEM8

外刊例句

  • They also detained dozens of investors, bankers and regulators in investigations of the market mayhem; at least two others committed suicide before the authorities could get to them.
    在调查这场市场乱局时,政府还扣押了几十名投资者、银行业人士及监管官员;至少两人在被当局调查前自杀。
    ——《经济学人》
  • He came up with “City on Fire,” starring Chow Yun-fat as an undercover police officer who penetrates a gang of thieves, becomes chummy with one of the robbers (played by Danny Lee) and gets caught up in mayhem when a jewelry store heist goes wrong.
    他拍出了《龙虎风云》,片中周润发饰演一名卧底警察打入盗贼黑帮,和一名劫犯(李修贤饰演)成了朋友,后在抢劫珠宝店失手的混乱中被捕。
    ——《纽约时报》

基本释义

[noun] confusion and fear, usually caused by violent behaviour or by some sudden shocking event
[名词] 混乱和恐惧,通常由暴力行为或突然的震惊事件引起

深入解读

mayhem 最初出现于15世纪晚期,源自诺尔曼时代在英国所用的法语 maihem ,可以追溯至古法语mahaigne (伤害、错误)。最初该词用于法律领域,表示“以暴力毁伤他人肢体的重伤罪”。到了19世纪, mayhem 开始普遍用于表示“任何形式的极端暴力混乱状态”或“蓄意的暴力破坏行为”。在文学批评或文字编辑领域,mayhem 还指“故意的或不必要的文稿肢解”。

影视用例

小词详解 | mayhem

出自2013年美国黑色幽默传记片《华尔街之狼》(The Wolf of Wall Street),该片剧情改编自美国励志演说者和前股票经纪人乔丹·贝尔福特所写的同名回忆录。

同近义词

  • chaos: a state of complete confusion and lack of order
  • havoc: a situation in which there is a lot of damage, destruction or confusion
  • riot: a situation in which a group of people behave in a violent way in a public place, often as a protest

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