区别辨析memorize、remember、recall、recollect与remind

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这些动词均有“记忆,记住,回忆”之意。

memorize : 指有意识的下功夫把某事的整个细节都记在脑子里。

  • He studied his map, trying to memorize the way to Rose's street.
    他研究了地图,试图记住到罗丝家那条街的路。

remember : 含义较广,多指无意识地回忆起往事,也可指通过主观努力去记忆。

  • I don't remember my first day at school.
    我已经忘了第一天上学的情景。
  • I can still vividly remember my grandfather teaching me to play cards.
    爷爷教我打纸牌的情景我记忆犹新。

recall比remember文雅,指想方设法回忆已经遗忘之事。

  • He recalled that she always came home late on Wednesdays.
    他回想起她星期三总是很晚回家。

recollect : 指在记忆中搜索,设法想起一时想不起的事情或人,强调过程。

  • She could no longer recollect the details of the letter.
    她想不起那封信的细节了。
  • As far as I can recollect, she wasn't there on that occasion.
    据我回忆,当时她不在场。

remind : 指经某人或某事的提醒而回忆起某件已遗忘之事。

  • So she simply welcomed him and reminded him of the last time they had met.
    于是她只是对他表示欢迎,并且提醒说他们上次见过面。
  • Need I remind you who the enemy is?
    还需要我来提醒你敌人是谁吗?

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