区别辨析help、aid、assistance与support

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这些名词均有“帮助,支持”之意。

help : 最普通用词,可以与 aid 和 assistance 换用。help 强调使受助者达到目的或侧重受助者对帮助的需要。

  • None of this would have been possible without their help.
    如果没有他们的协助,这事没有一样能办成。
  • She stopped smoking with the help of her family and friends.
    她在家人和朋友的帮助下戒了烟。

aid 比 help 正式,侧重受助者处于困难或危险境地急需救助。

  • economic/humanitarian/emergency aid
    经济 / 人道主义 / 紧急援助
  • An extra £10 million in foreign aid has been promised.
    额外的1 000万英镑外国援助款项已得到保证。
  • aid agencies (= organizations that provide help)
    救援机构
  • medical aid programmes
    医疗援助计划

assistance : 正式用词,通常指帮助完成不太重要的那一部分工作。

  • technical/economic/military assistance
    技术 / 经济 / 军事援助
  • financial assistance for people on low incomes
    给低收入者的经济援助

support : 强调在迫切需要时给予支持或鼓励。

  • It was hard to come to terms with her death after all the support she gave to me and the family.
    她曾经给予我和家人莫大的帮助,她的死讯令人难以接受。

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