区别辨析envy与jealousy

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这两个名词均有“妒忌”之意。

envy : 侧重指因别人获得了自己本想获得的东西或成就而产生妒忌。

  • He couldn't conceal his envy of me.
    他掩饰不住对我的忌妒。
  • She felt a pang of envy at the thought of his success.
    她想到他的成功便感到一阵忌妒的痛苦。
  • They looked with envy at her latest purchase.
    他们艳羡地看着她最近买到的东西。
  • Her colleagues were green with envy (= they had very strong feelings of envy ) .
    她的同事都非常眼红。

jealousy : 强调对别人占有的东西恼恨不满。

  • At first his jealousy only showed in small ways — he didn't mind me talking to other guys.
    起初他的小心眼表现得不是十分明显——他并不介意我和其他男人说话。
  • She gave vent to her anger and jealousy.
    她宣泄了自己的愤怒和嫉妒。
  • He is unselfish and above small jealousy and hatred.
    他毫不自私,没有一点忌妒和怨恨之意。

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