区别辨析continual、continuous、successive、constant与persistent

更多精彩,请关注微信公众号:田间小站

这些形容词均有“连续的”、“不断的”之意。

continual : 强调重复或持续发生,但连续之间允许有间断。

  • He was in a continual process of rewriting his material.
    他一直在不断地改写他的材料。

continuous : 语意最强,强调在时间和空间上没有间断。

  • She was in continuous employment until the age of sixty-five.
    她连续不断地受雇于人,一直工作到六十五岁。

successive : 强调事物一个接一个地发生,无间断。

  • This was their fourth successive win.
    这是他们连续第四次获胜。
  • Successive governments have tried to tackle the problem.
    历届政府都试图解决这个问题。

constant : 多指习惯性的重复和不变的持续。

  • constant interruptions
    无休止的干扰
  • a constant stream of visitors all day
    整天络绎不绝的游客

persistent : 普通用词,可指不懈的努力,也可指任何连续不断或重复出现的事物。

  • How do you deal with persistent salesmen who won't take no for an answer?
    你怎么对付那些不轻言放弃、一直纠缠下去的推销员?
  • a persistent offender
    惯犯
  • Her position as national leader has been weakened by persistent fears of another coup attempt.
    由于人们一直担心会再次发生政变,她的国家领导人地位被削弱了。

打赏

微信赞赏支付宝赞赏