choice : 侧重指自由选择的权利或特权。
- If the product doesn't work, you are given the choice of a refund or a replacement.
- It's a difficult choice to make.
- It's your choice/The choice is yours (= only you can decide).
- It was a choice between pain now or pain later, so I chose pain later.
- Now you know all the facts, you can make an informed choice.
- I'd prefer not to work but I don't have much choice (= this is not possible).
- He had no choice but to accept (= he had to accept).
- Is she single by choice?
- Champagne is their drink of choice (= the one they most often drink).
alternative : 指在相互排斥的两者之间作严格的选择，也可指在两者以上中进行选择。
- The opposition parties have so far failed to set out an alternative strategy.
- An alternative venue for the concert is being sought.
preference : 侧重因偏见、爱好或判断等而进行选择。
- Her preference is for comfortable rather than stylish clothes.
- I have a preference for sweet food over spicy.
- Choosing furniture is largely a matter of personal preference.
- It would be wrong to discriminate against a candidate because of their sexual preference (= the sex of the people they are sexually attracted to).
option : 着重特别给予的选择权利或权力，所选物常常相互排斥。
- The best option would be to cancel the trip altogether.
- There are various options open to someone who is willing to work hard.
- They didn't leave him much option - either he paid or they'd beat him up.
selection : 指作广泛的选择，着重选择者的识别力或鉴赏力。
- the selection process
- Success is achieved by the careful selection of projects.
- The coach made her selection (= chose who she wanted) for the team.
election : 强调目的和达到目的判断能力。
- election campaigns/results
- to win/lose an election
在选举中获胜 / 失败
- to fight an election
- to vote in an election
- In America, presidential elections are held every four years.
- The prime minister is about to call (= announce) an election.
- (BrE) How many candidates are standing for election ?
- (NAmE) to run for election