区别辨析boat、ship、canoe、steamer、vessel与craft

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这些名词均含有“船”之意。

boat : 泛指任何大小的船只,尤指靠划桨或风帆行进的无篷小船。

  • You can take a boat trip along the coast.
    你可以乘船沿海岸旅游一趟。

ship : 含义广,一般指大轮船,如航海船只,内河航运船只。

  • Within ninety minutes the ship was ready for departure.
    90分钟之内轮船准备出发。

canoe : 指长而轻,用桨的小舟、独木船。

  • We saw the canoe overturn, throwing its passengers into the water.
    我们看到独木舟倾覆了,把上面的乘客掀入水中。

steamer : 指靠蒸汽发动机为动力的船只。

  • The steamer arrived at the quay with the tourists packed like sardines.
    汽船驶抵码头,船上的旅客拥挤不堪。

vessel : 多指运货或运人的大船。

  • A Moroccan fishing vessel and a South Korean cargo ship collided in rough seas.
    一艘摩洛哥渔船与一艘韩国货船在波涛汹涌的大海上相撞了。

craft : 船只的集合名词,但可指单独的船只。

  • Hundreds of small craft bobbed around the liner as it steamed into the harbour.
    班轮驶进港口时,周围的许多小船颠簸起来。

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