区别辨析ascend、climb与mount

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这些动词均含有“攀登,上升”之意。

ascend :正式用词,指不用手攀,一直上升直到相当高的地方。

  • Mist ascended from the valley.
    薄雾从山谷升起。
  • The air became colder as we ascended.
    随着我们往上攀登,空气就寒冷起来。

climb :普通用词,含义广泛,侧重运用手足费力地攀登或上升,也可指抽象事物。

  • The boys climbed over the wall.
    那些男孩翻过了那堵墙。
  • As they climbed higher, the air became cooler.
    他们攀登得越高,空气就变得越凉爽。

mount :书面用词,词义与ascend相近,强调连续不断地向上移动、攀登或上涨。指骑马时用mount。

  • She slowly mounted the steps.
    她慢慢地爬上台阶。
  • He mounted his horse and rode away.
    他骑上马走了。
  • The death toll continues to mount.
    死亡人数持续增加。

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