中华思想文化术语 | “说知”英语怎么说?

说知
Knowledge from Explanation

推理而得的知识。“说知”是墨家提出的一种知识类别,同时也标志着一种认知方式。墨家认为,知识的获取有三种方式,即“亲知”“闻知”“说知”。“说知”指利用已有的知识或信息,对其进行推理而认知事物。
Knowledge from explanation is a type of knowledge and a way of acquiring it proposed by the Mohist School. In their opinion, knowledge is gained in three ways: by personal experience, by hearsay, and by explanation. To learn by explanation means making use of one’s own knowledge and information to reach conclusions and gain understanding.

引例 CITATIONS

  • 知,闻、说、亲。 (《墨子•经上》) (知,分为闻知、说知、亲知。)
    Knowing comes from hearsay, explanation, or personal experience  (Mozi)
  • 方不障,说也。 (《墨子•经说上》) (不受空间限制而获取知识,就是“说知”。)
    To gain knowledge without being limited by one's confines is gaining knowledge from explanation.  (Mozii)