字源大挪移 | 否定字首(4)dis- = not, apart 不,分开

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dis- = not, apart 不,分开
后接f时作dif-

入门字

dishonest (a.) 不诚实的
dis/ honset
not/ honset

进阶字

1. disinfectant (n.) 杀菌剂
dis/in/fect/ant
not/in/do/名词字尾

  • You should apply some disinfectant to that wound to prevent inflammation.
    你应该在伤口上涂点杀菌剂,免得发炎。

2.disinterested (a.)超然的,不涉及本身利益的
dis/interest/ed
not/interest/形容词字尾

  • Members of the jury should remain disinterested throughout the proceedings.
    陪审团在审判过程中应保持超然的态度。

3. dissect (v.) 解剖
dis/sect
apart/cut

  • The students are going to dissect frogs in their biology class.
    学生们在生物课将解剖青蛙。

4. dissonance (n. )不和谐(音)
dis/son/ance
apart/sound/名词字尾

  • His objection strikes a chord ofdissonance among general agreement.
    他的反对在一片同意声中显得很刺耳

5. diffident (a.)缺乏自信的
dif / fid/ ent
not / faith/形容词字尾

  • The inexperienced speaker began in a diffident voice.
    那位没有什么经验的演讲者以缺乏自信的口味开场。

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