纽约时报文摘 | 你真的需要两年换一次iPhone吗?

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Over more than a decade of writing about technology, reviewing a new iPhone has long been one of my simplest assignments.
十几年来,我一直在写科技方面的文章,评测新款iPhone一直是我最简单的任务之一。

Year after year, the formula was this: I tested the most important new features of Apple’s latest smartphone and assessed whether they were useful. Assuming the newest iPhone worked well, my advice was generally the same — I recommended upgrading if you had owned your existing smartphone for two years.
年复一年,套路是这样的:我测试苹果最新智能手机最重要的新功能,评估它们是否有用。假设最新款iPhone运行良好,我的建议大致会是相同的——如果你现有的智能手机已经买了两年,我建议你升级。

But with this review of the iPhone 11, 11 Pro and 11 Pro Max — the newest models that Apple unveiled last week and which will become available this Friday — I’m encouraging a different approach. The bottom line? It’s time to reset our upgrade criteria.
对苹果上周发布、将于本周五上市的最新机型iPhone 11、11 Pro和11 Pro Max进行评测之后,我鼓励一个不同的方式。此话怎讲?是时候重新确定升级标准了。

That’s because we are now living in the golden age of smartphones, where the gadgets’ improvements each year are far from seismic. Devices that debuted three years ago remain zippy and more than capable. Those with the iPhone 7 from 2016, for example, still have a very good phone with a stellar camera and fast speeds.
这是因为我们现在正生活在智能手机的黄金时代,它们每年的改进远非翻天覆地。三年前首次亮相的设备依然速度极快,功能强大。例如,2016年推出的iPhone 7仍然是一款非常出色的手机,配备一流的摄像头,拥有极高的速度。

So now is the moment to ask: Do we really need to upgrade our iPhones every two years?
所以现在是时候问一问:我们真的需要每两年升级一次iPhone吗?

Based on my tests of the iPhone 11, 11 Pro and 11 Pro Max, the answer is no. Don’t get me wrong: The newest models are nice. Apple has made them speedier, improved the cameras and lengthened their battery life. The new lineup also starts at a lower price of $700, down from $750 a year ago, which is a relief in an era of skyrocketing smartphone costs.
根据我对iPhone 11、11 Pro和11 Pro Max的测试,答案是否定的。别误会我的意思:最新的款式很好。苹果提高了的速度,改进了摄像头,延长了电池寿命。新款手机的起售价也从一年前的750美元降至700美元,在智能手机成本飙升的时代,这让人松一口气。

But none of this is enough to warrant an immediate upgrade if you have had your smartphone for only two years. The latest iPhones just aren’t a big leap forward from last year’s iPhones or even the iPhone X from 2017.
但是,如果你的智能手机只买了两年,这些都不足以让你立即换手机。与去年推出的iPhone机型,甚至是2017年的iPhone X相比,最新款的iPhone并没有什么大的飞跃。

So here’s what I ultimately suggest: You should definitely upgrade if your current device is at least five years old. The iPhone 11 models are all a significant step up from those introduced in 2014. But for everyone else with smartphones from 2015 or later, there is no rush to buy. Instead, there is more mileage and value to be had out of the excellent smartphone you already own.
因此,我的最终建议是:如果你目前的手机用了至少五年,那你绝对应该升级。与2014年推出的机型相比,iPhone 11的所有机型都是重大进步。但对于2015年或以后拥有智能手机的其他人来说,目前无需急于购买。相反,你手头现有的优秀智能手机还是很大潜力和价值的。

Comparing the iPhones 11s to the iPhone X
IPhone 11系列和iPhone X的比较

I tested the new iPhones for a week, starting with the $700 entry-level iPhone 11 with a 6.1-inch display, which I used as my primary phone for three days. Then I switched to the iPhone 11 Pro, the $1,000 model with a 5.8-inch screen, for two days. And then finally, the iPhone 11 Pro Max, the $1,100 model with a jumbo 6.5-inch screen, for another two days.
我对新款iPhone进行了为期一周的测试,从售价700美元、配有6.1英寸显示屏的入门级iPhone 11开始,用它做了三天的主要手机。然后我用了两天的iPhone 11 Pro,这款机型售价1000美元、屏幕5.8英寸。最后我用了两天iPhone 11 Pro Max,这款机型售价1100美元、拥有6.5英寸超大屏幕。

Then I compared the results with my notes and photos from testing the iPhone X in 2017. What I found was that the iPhone 11 was better, but not profoundly so.
然后,我将结果与2017年测试iPhone X时的笔记和照片进行了对比。我发现iPhone 11更好,但没有好特别多。

There are lots of little things that are somewhat better on the new iPhones compared to the two-year-old iPhone X. For early adopters who are keen to have the latest and greatest tech, those differences may add up to a substantial upgrade.
与推出两年的iPhone X相比,新款iPhone有很多小的改进之处。对于那些渴望拥有最新、最好技术的早期尝新者来说,这些不同之处或许是很大的升级。

But for most of us, the upgrades won’t meaningfully change our phone experience.
但对于我们大多数人来说,这些升级并不会显著改变我们的手机体验。

Contrasting the phone cameras
对比手机摄像头

The most noteworthy new feature on the iPhones 11s is the ultra-wide-angle lens. Using the ultrawide mode is simple and seamless: You pinch outward to zoom all the way out. On a beach, the wider view captured my dogs playing on the sand, the ocean waves and the adjacent highway.
IPhone 11最引人瞩目的新特性是超广角镜头。使用超广角模式简单、流畅:双指张开可以扩到极限。在海滩上,更宽阔的视野捕捉到了我的狗在沙滩上玩耍、海浪和附近的公路。

The telephoto lens on the iPhone 11 Pro did an exceptional job zooming in on my dog Mochi’s snout as she shook some water off her head.
当我的狗莫基晃动脑袋甩水,我拿镜头对准她的鼻子时,iPhone 11 Pro的长焦镜头表现出色。

The new iPhones also have a new mode for shooting photos in low light. Once the camera detects that a setting is very dark, it automatically captures multiple pictures and then fuses them together while making adjustments to colors and contrast. The result was that photos taken in low light without flash look brighter, in a natural way.
新款iPhone还有一个新模式,可以在弱光下拍摄。一旦相机检测到环境黑暗,会自动拍摄多张图片,然后合成一张,同时调整颜色和对比度。因此在弱光没有闪关灯的情况下拍摄的照片看起来更明亮,而且很自然。

Photos taken with the iPhone 11 and 11 Pro looked crisp and clear, and their colors were accurate. But after I finished these tests, I looked back at my archived photos taken with an iPhone X.
用iPhone 11和11 Pro拍摄的照片看起来清晰鲜亮,而且颜色的还原度更高。但当我完成这些测试后,我回头看了看之前用iPhone X拍摄的照片。

Those pictures, especially the ones shot with portrait mode, still looked impressive. Some of the low-light ones looked crummy in comparison to the ones taken by the iPhone 11s, but I wouldn’t recommend that you buy a new phone just to get better night photos. You could always just use flash.
那些照片,特别是用肖像模式拍摄的照片,看起来仍然很出色。与iPhone 11系列拍摄的照片相比,一些弱光下拍摄的照片看起来效果就很差了,但我不会建议你为了获得更好的夜间照片而购买新手机。你随时还是可以用闪光灯。

When should I upgrade then?
那么,我应该什么时候买新手机呢?

Each year, the most common question I get from friends and colleagues is whether they should buy a new iPhone. So here’s a list of considerations in any decision about upgrading.
每年,我从朋友和同事那里听到的最常见的问题是,他们是否应该买新的iPhone。所以,这里是一个清单,供你在手机升级换代时参考。

The simplest place to start is software. Apple’s newest mobile operating system, iOS 13, will work only on iPhones from 2015 (the iPhone 6S) and later. So if you have an iPhone that is older than that, it is worth upgrading because once you can no longer update the operating system, some of your apps may stop working properly.
最简单的理由是软件。苹果最新的移动操作系统iOS 13将只在2015年(iPhone 6S)及以后推出的iPhone上运行。因此,如果你的手机型号比这个老,那么升级是值得的,因为若不能更新操作系统,一些应用程序恐怕就无法使用了。

For those with younger iPhones, there are ways to get more mileage out of your current device. While the newest iPhones have superb battery life — several hours longer than the last generation — a fresh battery in your existing gadget costs only $50 to $70 and will greatly extend its life.
对于那些型号较新的iPhone手机,有一些方法可以延长你现有设备的使用寿命。虽然最新的iPhone电池续航时间很长——比上一代长出数小时,但只要花50至70美元,就能给你的手机更换一块新电池,从而将使用寿命大大延长。

If you have the iPhone 6S from 2015 and the iPhone 7 from 2016, the iPhone 11s are speedier, with camera improvements and bigger displays. That makes an upgrade nice to have but not a must-have.
如果你用的是2015年的iPhone 6S和2016年的iPhone 7,那么iPhone 11的速度会更快,摄像头有改进,屏幕也更大。这是手机升级换代充分理由,但并非必须。

But if you spent $1,000 on an iPhone X two years ago, then hold off. The iPhone 11s just aren’t enough of an innovation leap to warrant $700-plus on a new smartphone.
但如果两年前你刚在iPhone X上花了1000美元,那就等等再说。IPhone 11的创新尚不足以让你花700多美元的价格去买一部新的智能手机。

If you wait another year or two, you will most likely be rewarded with that jump forward. That might be an iPhone that works with fast 5G cellular networks, or a smartphone that can wirelessly charge an Apple Watch.
再等上一两年,你就有机会尝到跳级的甜头。那可能会是一款可以使用高速的5G蜂窝网络的iPhone,也可能是一款可以为苹果手表无线充电的智能手机。

Patience has its benefits — and so will breaking free of the iPhone’s automatic two-year upgrade cycle.
耐心是有好处的——跳出iPhone两年一次的自动升级周期,也是如此。

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