英语写作 | prevent、prohibit和ban的用法

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WRONG: The Lease does not provide for a period of time during which the Tenant is prevented to use the Premises.
错误用法:租约中并未指明房客不能使用所租房屋的时间界限。

RIGHT: The Lease does not provide for a period of time during which the Tenant is prevented from using the Premises.
正确用法:租约中并未指明房客不能使用所租房屋的时间界限。

WRONG: The crew should be provided with training on how to prevent from sea contamination.
错误用法:船员应该接受关于如何防止海洋污染的培训。

RIGHT: The crew should be provided with training on how to prevent sea contamination.
正确用法:船员应该接受关于如何防止海洋污染的培训。

Although the verb “prevent” takes the preposition “from”, it can also be used with no preposition. The rules are as follows:
尽管动词“prevent”可以带介词“from”,它也可以不用介词。规则如下:

“prevent” + something
“prevent”+某事

  • The soldiers prevented the evacuation.
    士兵们阻止撤离。

“prevent” somebody from + -ing
“prevent”某人做某事

  • The soldiers prevented the refugees from evacuating.
    士兵们阻止难民们撤离。

The word “prohibit” works in exactly the same way:
单词“prohibit”的用法和“prevent”基本一致:

“prohibit” + something
“prohibit”+某事

  • The school rules prohibit smoking.
    学校规定禁止吸烟。

“prohibit” somebody from + -ing
“prohibit”某人做某事

  • There are no specific provisions in the law that would prohibit an employer from summarily dismissing an employee due to his/her misconduct.
    法律中没有特定的条文禁止雇主在暑假期间因为员工的表现不佳而将其解雇。

The verb “ban” also works in the same way:
动词“ban”也是类似的用法:

  • The government banned advertising of tobacco products in 2002.
    2002年,政府禁止烟草制品打广告。
  • The court banned him from attending football matches.
    法庭禁止他参加足球比赛。

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