China’s socialist democracy has two forms. One is electoral democracy, which ensures that the people exercise their rights through elections and ballots, and the other is deliberative democracy, which ensures that the people conduct consultations before major policy decisions are made. Both forms of democracy are designed to achieve the broadest possible consensus on issues of common concern.
Socialist deliberative democracy is a democratic form created by the CPC and the Chinese people in accordance with China’s realities and its political and cultural traditions. Its focus is not only final policy decisions but also broad participation in the decision-making process. It not only emphasizes respect for the opinion of the majority, but also stresses the need to safeguard the right of the minority to express fully itself. It broadens the scope of democracy and therefore achieves a people’s democracy to the greatest possible extent.
China will continue to promote the extensive, multilevel and institutionalized development of deliberative democracy and conduct intensive deliberations on legislation, government administration, democracy, participation in the administration of state affairs and social issues.