The reform of the land system having wide repercussions
China is a large agricultural country and 700 million people of its more than 1.3 billion citizens are farmers. Therefore, reform of the rural land system is a major reform with wide repercussions. It involves a wide range of parties and affects a complex array of interests, so it must be carried out prudently and steadily on the basis of the principles of maintaining our bottom line and carrying out trials first.
No matter how China reforms, it cannot change public ownership of land, reduce the acreage of arable land, reduce grain output, or harm farmers’ interests. On this basis r orderly explorations should be conducted to strengthen management of and provide better services for the transfer of land use rights, and make the transactions involving the transfer of use rights and other rural property rights open, fair and procedure-based.
During the reform, it is necessary to respect farmers’ wishes and safeguard their rights and interests, and to prevent land from being overly concentrated in the hands of a few people, the use of land from being changed fundamentally and the rural wealth gap from becoming too large.