中国关键词 | “市场在资源配置中起决定性作用”英语怎么说?

市场在资源配置中起决定性作用
The market playing the decisive role in allocating resources

2013年11月召开的中共十八届三中全会提出,要让市场在资源配置中起决定性作用。市场决定资源配置是市场经济的一般规律,健全社会主义市场经济体制必须遵循这条规律,着力解决市场体系不完善、政府干预过多和监管不到位问题,推动资源配置依据市场机制实现效益最大化和效率最优化。
It was decided at the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee to let the market play the decisive role in allocating resources in China. It is a general rule of market economies that the market determines the allocation of resources. To improve its socialist market economy, China must follow this general rule, establish a robust market, control excessive government intervention, address insufficient government oversight, and ensure that resources are allocated in the marketplace most effectively and efficiently.

做出“使市场在资源配置中起决定性作用”的定位,有利于在全党全社会树立关于政府和市场关系的正确观念,有利于转变经济发展方式,有利于转变政府职能,有利于抑制消极腐败现象。
The decision to let the market play the decisive role in allocating resources will help the entire Party and the whole of society to gain a correct understanding of the roles of the government and the market. It is also conducive to transforming the growth model and government functions, and to reining in corruption and other forms of misconduct.

当然,发展社会主义市场经济,既要发挥市场作用,也要发挥政府作用,但市场作用和政府作用的职能是不同的。更好发挥政府作用,就要科学宏观调控,健全宏观调控体系、全面正确履行政府职能、优化政府组织结构进行了部署,保持宏观经济稳定,加强和优化公共服务,保障公平竞争,加强市场监管,维护市场秩序,推动可持续发展,促进共同富裕,弥补市场失灵,保持宏观经济稳定。
Of course, to develop the socialist market economy, both the role of the market and government should be brought into play. Their specific functions, however, are not quite the same. To ensure that the government plays a better role, China must exercise effective macro-level control, improve the macro-control system, perform government functions fully and properly, improve the government’s organizational structure, strengthen and improve public services, ensure fair competition, strengthen market oversight and supervision, maintain market order, spur sustainable development, promote common prosperity, ensure that the government steps in at times of market failure, and maintain macroeconomic stability.