Primary stage of socialism
This is not a general reference to the initial stage any country will go through when practicing socialism, but a term for the special stage that China has to undergo with backward productive forces and an underdeveloped commodity economy.
The theory of the primary stage of socialism has two connotations: one, China already has a socialist society, which it must continue to develop and never abandon; two, China’s socialist society is still in the primary stage and will remain so for a long time to come, and it is a stage that must be recognized and cannot be skipped.
China is in the primary stage of socialism and will remain so for a long time to come. This is a historical stage that cannot be skipped in the socialist modernization of China, which is backward economically and culturally. The process will take over a hundred years. During the present stage, the principal contradiction in Chinese society is one between the ever-growing material and cultural needs of the people and the low level of production.
In building socialism, the basic task is to further release and develop the productive forces and achieve socialist modernization step by step by carrying out reform in those aspects and links of production relations and the superstructure that do not conform to the development of the productive forces.