向英语学习者讲话 | Some Mistakes to Consider 供考虑的几个错误

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Some Mistakes to Consider
供考虑的几个错误

Do you , reader, find any mistakes in the following sentences?
读者,你在下面几句句子中发现错误吗?

  1. He is studying for serving the people.
  2. I have met him for five times.
  3. Pardon me for I give you so much trouble.
  4. For I am a Chinese, I love China.

If you do not find any mistakes in them, you have yet a poor knowledge of English. All these sentences are wrong, and, so far as I know, are not to be found in any Englishman’s English, though I believe you may think they are quite grammatical.
如果你在这些句子中没有发现任何错误,你的英语知识还不够。这些句子都是错误的。虽然我相信你可能认为它们是十分合于语法的,但据我所知,你不会在英国人的英语中找到它们。

Let me explain: (1) “For” expressing purpose may take a noun (as in “for pleasure”), but not usually a gerund. (2) While “for the … time” is right, “for …times” is wrong. (3) “For” as a conjunction is very weak and cannot introduce any important reason. (4) “For” is a coordinating conjunction, not a subordinating one.
让我来解释一下:(1)表示目的的“for”后面可以接名词(例如在“for pleasure”中),但通常不接动名词。(2)“for the…time”是对的,但是“for…times”是错的。(3)“for”用作连词是很弱的,不可引导任何重要的原因。(4)“for”是并列连词,不是从属连词。

Now read the sentences as corrected:
现在请读改正后的句子:

  1. He is studying (in order) to serve the people.
  2. I have met him five times.
  3. Pardon me for giving you so much trouble.
  4. I love China, for I am a Chinese.

Now that1 you have been told of these four common mistakes in regard to2 the use of the word “for”, I hope you will take care to avoid them in your own writing. Such mistakes are not usually mentioned in books on grammar and composition. But they are not uncommon among Chinese learners of English. And I find that there are similar mistakes in the use of many other common English words. I am of opinion that3 discussion of such mistakes ought to form a large part of every composition book specially intended for Chinese learners, and it is a matter of regret4 that many, many Chinese learners are studying rules and principles of grammar and rhetoric without caring a bit about5 such mistakes.
既然你知道了关于“for”这个词在使用中的四个普遍错误,我希望你将注意到在自己的写作中避免它们。这种错误通常并不在语法书和作文书中说起。可是它们在中国的英语学习者中非常普遍。而且我见到在许多别的普通英语单词的使用中有着相似的错误。我认为对这种错误的讨论应该成为每一本专为中国学习者写的作文书的一大部分。可惜的是,许多中国的学习者正在学习语法和修辞学的规则及原则,却完全不注意这种错误。

A good English composition book remains to be written6. Would you like to see such a book published?
一本好的英语作文书尚待著作。你希望见到一本这样的书出版吗?

NOTES

  1. Now that 既然
  2. in regard to 关于
  3. am of opinion that … 认为……
  4. matter of regret 可惜的事
  5. without caring a bit about 毫不介意
  6. remains to be written 尚待著作

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