经济学人小词详解 | impunity 免受惩罚,或免于承担行为后果

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经济学人小词详解 | impunity 免受惩罚,或免于承担行为后果
impunity 英 [ɪmˈpju:nəti] 美 [ɪmˈpjunɪti]
经济学人例句

  • Why observe quotas if you think your neighbour can haul in catches with impunity?
    如果你觉得邻国能大肆捕鱼而无需承担任何后果,自己为什么还要死守捕鱼配额规定呢?
  • Such was his dominance of global petroleum that he could do this with impunity throughout America, Europe and Asia.
    他已全面统治全球石油市场,以至于在美国、欧洲和亚洲都能这样恣意妄为

释义

[noun] Exemption from punishment or freedom from the unpleasant results of something that has been done
[名词] 免受惩罚,或免于承担行为后果

解读

impunity一词源自于拉丁语impunis(不受惩罚的),由否定前缀in-加上poena(惩罚)构成。常见用法为do sth with ~,即可以做(坏)事而免受惩处,若需强调还可说with apparent ~。

自十六世纪起,人们肆无忌惮地运用impunity,就像1660年英国政治作家Roger Coke所言:

This unlimited power of doing anything with impunity, will only beget a confidence in kings of doing what they list [desire].

虽然相比于普通百姓而言,impunity常常为皇室成员所用,但其实impunity也适用于最低等的生物,而不只是一些所谓高贵的生命,如:

  • Certain beetles have learned to detoxify [willow] leaves in their digestive tract so they can eat them with impunity.

近义词

  • immunity: protection or exemption from something, especially an obligation or penalty
  • indemnity: security or protection against a loss or other financial burden
  • exemption: the action of freeing or state of being free from an obligation or liability imposed on others

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