经济学人官方译文 | 自2009年到2016年,面向“脆弱”国家的官方发展援助增长了26%

Economic and financial indicators
经济与金融指标
Official development assistance
官方发展援助
Official development assistance to “fragile”’ countries increased by 26% between 2009 and 2016
自2009年到2016年,面向“脆弱”国家的官方发展援助增长了26%

经济学人官方译文节选 | 自2009年到2016年,面向“脆弱”国家的官方发展援助增长了26%

Official development assistance (ODA) to “fragile”’ countries increased by 26% between 2009 and 2016. The OECD, a think-tank, defines fragile states as those that fail to provide basic services to their poor. Most of the growth in ODA to these countries is accounted for by humanitarian assistance, which increased by 144% in 2009-16, reaching a record $18.3bn. Aid tends to be concentrated in a small number of countries. Between 2003 and 2012 Afghanistan and Iraq together accounted for 22% of all ODA to countries then defined as fragile. Syria was the largest recipient of aid in absolute terms in 2016; the Palestinian Territories received the most per person.
自2009年到2016年,面向“脆弱”国家的官方发展援助(以下简称ODA)增长了26%。按智库经合组织的定义,脆弱国家是指那些无法向本国贫困人口提供基本服务的国家。ODA的增长主要源自人道援助,这类援助同期增长了144%,达到创纪录的183亿美元。援助往往集中在少数国家上。2003年到2012年间,在提供给当时被界定为脆弱国家的ODA中,阿富汗和伊朗获得了其中的22%。从绝对值来看,2016年当年最大的援助接收国是叙利亚。人均获援助金额最高的是巴勒斯坦领土。