英美文化 | 英语薪水salary竟然来自于盐?

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每月发工资的时候都是大家最开心的时候,领到工资以后,不少人又可以网购血拼、还信用卡、刷信用卡了。不过,你知道英语中“工资”一词salary是怎么来的吗?

Receiving a salary may seem sweet, but the word originates with a different  flavor.
领到薪水或许是件挺开心的事情,不过薪水(salary)这个词的来源却另有故事。

英美文化 | 英语薪水salary竟然来自于盐?

In ancient times, because salt wasn’t always easy to come by (and because  it was a leading way to improve flavor even back then), Roman soldiers were  given a sum of money – a salarium – with which to purchase salt.
在古时候,盐不是那么容易得到的东西(而且那时候用盐调味也是一种超前的生活方式),罗马士兵会领到一笔钱(salarium)专门用来买盐。

Over time, salarium (from the Latin salarius, ‘of salt’) came to refer  simply to money paid the soldiers, and then to monies paid to any official of  the Roman Empire, and eventually to wages in general.
慢慢的,salarium(源于拉丁语salarius,指“盐的”)一词逐渐用来指代发给士兵的军饷以及发给罗马帝国所有官员的钱资,直至后来,用来统指“薪水、薪资”。

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