中国关键词 | 大众创业、万众创新

大众创业、万众创新
Widespread Entrepreneurship and Innovation

习近平在2014年12月的中央经济工作会议(Central Economic Meeting)上提出要”营造有利于大众创业、市场主体创新的政策制度环境(called for efforts to create at policy and institutional levels an environment conducive to widespread entrepreneurship and innovation)”。此前,李克强在2014年9月的夏季达沃斯论坛(Summer Davos Forum)上也曾提出,要掀起”大众创业””草根创业”的新浪潮(encourage widest possible participation in entrepreneurial activities and help unleash a massive wave of grassroots innovation),形成”万众创新””人人创新”的新态势。

widespread-entrepreneurship-and-innovation

“大众创业、万众创新”是实现中国经济提质增效升级的”新引擎”(a new engine for China to upgrade the economy, making it more efficient),其目的在于尊重人民群众的主体地位(The axiom testifies to the leading role of the people),充分发挥其无限创造力,让他们平等参与现代化进程、共同分享改革红利和发展成果(to tap into their unbounded creativity in full participation in China’s drive towards modernization and enjoyment of the reform dividend and the fruits of development)。推动大众创业、万众创新,可以扩大就业、增加居民收入,有利于促进社会纵向流动和公平正义(boost upward social mobility, and contribute to social equity and justice),同时也可以让中国民众在创造财富的过程中,更好地实现精神追求和自身价值(to further pursue their ideals and realize their full potential while generating higher levels of wealth)。

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