经济学人官方译文节选 | 教育支出:私营部门在教育支出上的作用日益重要

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Economic and financial indicators
经济与金融指标
Education spending
教育支出
Private sector is playing an increasingly important role in education spending
私营部门在教育支出上的作用日益重要

经济学人官方译文节选 | 教育支出:私营部门在教育支出上的作用日益重要

OECD countries spent an average of 5% of GDP on education in 2015. Between 2010 and 2015 total spending fell in more than two-thirds of countries surveyed, as belts tightened after the financial crisis. The private sector is playing an increasingly important role: its share of education spending rose by 11% across all OECD countries in that period. The private sector is particularly important to tertiary-level education—especially in America, where almost two-thirds of spending is accounted for by households and private institutions. Things are different in Scandinavia. In Norway, 1% of total tertiary-education spending, or under 0.1% of GDP, came from private sources.
经合组织国家2015年在教育上的支出平均占到GDP的5%。2010年到2015年间,受调研的国家中超过三分之二在教育上的总支出下降,原因是金融危机后各国勒紧了裤腰带。私营部门在教育中的作用越来越重要:上述时期内,私营部门在所有经合组织国家教育支出中的占比上升了11%。私营部门在高等教育中的作用尤其重要,特别是在美国。该国近三分之二的教育支出来自家庭和私人机构。斯堪的纳维亚半岛情形则不同。在挪威,高等教育总支出中仅有1%(不到GDP的0.1%)来自私人资本。

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