【奥运】羽毛球专业词汇

8月17日晚20:20,里约奥运会羽毛球男单1/4决赛开打,中国选手林丹对阵印度的基达姆比,最终林丹2:1战胜对手进入四强。看完比赛,喜欢羽毛球以及林丹帅哥的妹子一定要趁热打铁,好好学习以下的羽毛球专业词汇。

2016里约奥运会羽毛球logo

1.羽毛球运动:badminton
2.世界羽毛球锦标赛:World Badminton Championships
3.世界羽毛球大奖赛:World Grand Prix Badminton
4.全英羽毛球公开赛:All-England Open Badminton Championships
5.汤姆斯杯(男子团体冠军赛):Thomas Cup
6.尤伯杯(女子团体冠军赛):Uber Cup
7.苏迪曼杯(男女混合团体冠军赛):Sudirman Cup

人员

8.羽毛球运动员:badminton player; shuttler
9.打网前位置的球员(双打):net man [player]
10.发球裁判员:service judge
11.司线员:line judge

规则

12.回合(争得一分的往返击球):rally
13.一方得零分的一局:love game
14.一方得零局的一场:love match
15.再[加分]赛:set (the score)
16.选择再赛权:choice [option] of setting
17.错区:wrong court
18.站错位:out of position
19.界内:in
20.界外:out
21.没看清(指司线员对球是否出界):unsighted
22.压线球:line
23.死球:dead bird; shuttle not in play
24.有效还击:good return
25.击球犯规:foul hit
26.持球;拖带动作:slung; hold
27.连击:hit twice
28.球触身:touch the body
29.球触网:touch the net; net tap
30.过网击球:over net
31.干扰:distract
32.妨碍:obstruct
33.试球:test the shuttle
34.换球:change the shuttle

发球

35.发球方得分制:side-out scoring system
36.换发球:service over
37.重发球:let
38.发球方位:serving position
39.发球顺序:order of service
40.发球顺序错误:serve out of turn
41.发球方位错误:serve from a wrong court
42.交换发球区:alternate courts
43.发球权:right to serve; service privilege
44.有发球权:hand-in
45.掌握发球权一方:”in” side
46.一方保持发球权的时间:inning
47.失去发球权:hand-out; loss of service
48.失去发球权的一方:retired side
49.发球违例:service fault
50.过手:service above hand
51.过腰:service above the waist
52.脚违例:foot fault
53.一次发球权:one hand
54.两次发球权:two hands
55.第一发球:first serve
56.第一发球权;第一轮:first inning
57.失去第一发球权:one down [out]; one hand out
58.第二发球:second serve
59.两次发球失误:two down
60.发球动作:delivery of service
61.抖腕发球:flick service
62.发平球:flat service
63.发短低球:short low service
64.发高球:high service
65.发高远球:deep high service; long high
66.发短[网前]球:short service
67.发远球:long service
68.发深球:deep service
69.发球方:serving side
70.接发球方:receiving side
71.接球预备姿势:on guard

击球

72.基本击球法:basic strokes
73.东方式握拍法:Eastern grip
74.西方式握拍法:Western grip
75.握手式握拍法:shake-hand grip
76.移指握拍:finger the grip
77.向前挥拍:fore swing
78.向后挥拍:backswing
79.全力挥拍:full swing
80.绕臂挥拍:wind-up
81.击球:strike; hit; bat; stroke; shot
82.回击:return
83.高手击球:overhand stroke
84.低手击球:underhand stroke
85.过渡球:transitional ball
86.拍框击球;木球:wood[frame]shot
87.抽球:drive
88.齐肩高平抽球:shoulder-high drive
89.抽平高球:drive clear
90.抽球用力过猛:overdrive
91.杀球;扣杀:smash
92.点[短]杀:overhead wrist shot
93.锋利扣杀:razor-sharp smash
94.绕头顶扣杀:round-the-head stroke
95.头顶击球:overhead stroke
96.绕身后击球:round-the-back stroke
97.侧手球:side-hand[sidearm]stroke; swipe
98.搓球:lunge stroke
99.推球:push shot
100.挑高球:lob;toss; lofted shot
101.高远球:clear
102.正手高远球:forehand clear
103.低球:low shot
104.短击:stop; no swing
105.短球:short
106.吊球:drop; dink
107.顺风:before the wind
108.逆风:against the wind
109.借助风力的攻球:drift-assisted attack
110.轻挑短球(近网直起直落):hair-pin shot
111.近网挑球:lift
112.近网挑高球:pop
113.贴网下落的扣球:stop volley
114.贴网快平球:driven flight
115.近网扑球或扣杀:net shot
116.扑球:rush shot
117.曲线近网球:net fly
118.飞行(指球):flight
119.直线球:straight
120.对角线球:crosscourt shot
121.勾对角:crosscourt flight
122.场内落球点:court spot
123.判断错误(误以为来球出界):misjudge
124.落点的准确性:accuracy of placement
125.善于找落点的球员:placer; place-hitter
126.追身球:body hit
127.超身球:passing shot
128.救球:retrieve:recover
129.救险球:get
130.救险球队员:getter
131.抢打同伴的球:poach; hog the court
132.滑步:sliding step
133.交叉步:cross step
134.跑过头:overrun
135.下蹲防守:crouch defense

打法

136.打法变化:variation of shots
137.网前打法:net play
138.上网:rush; take [approach] the net
139.封网:block the net
140.截击:intercept
141.后场打法:backcourt play
142.底线球战术:baseline game
143.四方球;快速拉开:fast clear out
144.扣吊结合:smashes combined with drops
145.前后站位:up [front] and back
146.左右站位:side by side
147.对角线阵形:diagonal formation
148.轮转配合打法:rotation system
149.攻人战术:one-man attack

场地与器材

150.边线:sideline; side boundary line
151.端线:base line; back boundary line
152.端线外的空地:back room;runback
153.发球区:service court
154.左发球区:left service court
155.右发球区:right service court
156.前发球线:front[short; inside]service line
157.后发球线:rear [long:outside] service line
158.单打球场:singles court
159.双打球场:doubles court
160.单、双打两用球场:combination court
161.单打边线:singles [inside] sideline
162.单打发球区:singles service court
163.双打边线:doubles[outside]sideline
164.双打发球区:doubles service court
165.双打发球线:doubles service line
166.边线狭长地带:side alley [lane]
167.端线狭长地带:back alley [lane]
168.无障碍物空间:clearance; head-room
169.球网装置:net assembly
170.网的上缘:top line of the net
171.网顶白布边:white top band
172.网端的标志带:strip
173.羽毛球拍:badminton racket
174.拍颈:throat
175.拍杆:shaft
176.拍框:frame
177.拍面:racket face
178.羊肠线:gut string
179.尼龙线:nylon string
180.穿线:stringing
181.拍夹:press
182.羽毛球:shuttle(cock);bird
183.皮包软木羽毛球:leather-covered cork shuttle
184.塑料羽毛球:plastic [synthetic] shuttle
185.底托:cork base
186.羽毛:feather
187.坏球:broken shuttle

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